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PHOWN species summary

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See published breeding information below the map.

Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea

(species text)

PHOWN priorities: none yet

Most recent PHOWN record for this species (recent thumbnails and full species listing at end of this web page):

Vm 25829

No of records in PHOWN for this species: 77

Colony size

Colony size for this species in PHOWN (min - mean - max, sample size) and published data:
PHOWN Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15
20 - 338554.0 - 5000000 (n=23)in vast colonies with millions of nests, up to 6000 in a single large tree; occasional small colonies (five pairs) reported
Compare colony sizes of different weaver species with this species here.

Nest site

Type of nest site for this species in PHOWN:
0 - 14
other - 1
reed - 12
tree - 50

Breeding seasonality

PHOWN Records per month for this species

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
1514181070110146

Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15
mainly Aug-Nov in W Africa, and Jun-Sept in Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia; in DRCongo, Sept in E and Jan-May in S; two periods, around Dec-Feb and in May-Jul, in Kenya and Tanzania; Feb-Apr in Angola and Zambia, and Dec-Apr in Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa

Figure above right: breeding seasonality shown as records per month (if available), where months are numbered from January where January=1 etc.
The records are grouped into 6 regions: Safr=southern Africa, Cafr=central Africa, Wafr=western Africa, Eafr=eastern Africa, Asia=southern Asia, IO=Indian Ocean islands
Read more about these figures here.

Breeding distribution

Google map of records for this species (you may need to zoom out to see all records)

Google map showing distribution and PHOWN records for the weaver species.
Yellow areas show distribution of the species; for species with small ranges you need to zoom in at the correct area to see the range. Read more about these maps here.
PHOWN pin colours show Nest site type:
- Reed
- Tree
- Man-made
- Other
- Nest Record Cards
CLICK on the marker on the map to see individual record details.

Published breeding information

Breeding information based on Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15.

bond
Monogamous at each breeding attempt, but also itinerant breeding in which individuals may nest at up to three different locations within a season, thus likely that serial polygamy occurs
season
mainly Aug-Nov in W Africa, and Jun-Sept in Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia; in DRCongo, Sept in E and Jan-May in S; two periods, around Dec-Feb and in May-Jul, in Kenya and Tanzania; Feb-Apr in Angola and Zambia, and Dec-Apr in Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa
nsite
placed 1-6 m (mostly 2 m) above ground in thorn tree, sometimes in reeds or sugar cane
nbuild
built by male, taking 2-3 days
colsize
in vast colonies with millions of nests, up to 6000 in a single large tree; occasional small colonies (five pairs) reported
clutch
1-5 eggs, typically 3
eggcolour
pale greenish or bluish, very rarely with some dark spotting
eggsize
average size of 86 eggs 18.3 x 13.2 mm (South Africa)
incub
incubation period 10-12 days
chicks
chicks fed by both sexes, by regugitation (even when insects delivered), at Senegal colony male fed 4.7 times per day, female 6 times, nestling period 10-11 days

Thumb-nails of most recent PHOWN records


Click on one to see its full record

Vm 25829

Vm 25229

Vm 25227

Vm 25181

Vm 24143

Vm 18977

Vm 18180

Vm 14732

Vm 14718

Vm 14398

Vm 13596

Vm 9886

Vm 8435

Vm 1658

Vm 1657

Vm 1656

Vm 1655

Vm 1017

List of all PHOWN records for this species


Click on one to see its full record
17, South Africa, Nuwerus farm reeds, Oschadleus HD
569, South Africa, Klaserie Private Nature Reserve, Bernitz Z; Bernitz H
900, South Africa, Dundee quarry, Oschadleus HD
1017, South Africa, Farm Langdraai 1172, about 15 km SE of Petrusburg, Nuttall R.J
1655, South Africa, Corner plot 2800.596S 3003.743E, Oschadleus HD
1656, South Africa, Lloyds Bay, Oschadleus HD
1657, South Africa, 21km past Buffalo R (from Dundee) , Oschadleus HD
1658, South Africa, Dam, North end reeds, Oschadleus HD
8435, South Africa, Vyevlei farm, net 1, Oschadleus HD; John Fincham; Barry and Sue Schultz
9886, Tanzania, Near the Big Marsh, Ndutu, Peterson, Daudi
13596, South Africa, Kaalspruit at Leeuberg, De Swardt Dawie
14398, South Africa, Ntibane Game Ranch, Magudu District, KZN, Williams Alan
14718, South Africa, On N5 towards Bethlehem, Cox JH & KC John & Kim
14732, South Africa, Vyevlei farm, Malmesbury, office reeds, Oschadleus HD
18180, South Africa, Vredefort-koepel-omgewing, Oschadleus HD, for Whitey Van Pletsens
18977, South Africa, Vyevlei farm, office reeds, Oschadleus HD
24143, South Africa, Makojalo Guest-Op-Stal, Cronje Pieter
25181, South Africa, Mooketsi, Altenroxel Bernardine Alice; Bernard Altenroxel
25227, South Africa, Kruger National Park, Glasson A
25229, South Africa, Kruger National Park, Glasson A
25829, South Africa, Kruger, Glasson A
100435, Zimbabwe, Nuanetsi, nr Police Station, S. Rhod, DCN Plowes
100436, Zimbabwe, Nyamandhlovu, S. Rho, junction of Gwaai & Khami Rivers, DCN Plowes
100437, Zimbabwe, Gwanda, S. Rhod, 10 miles S of Hwali Dip, 70 miles S of Gwanda, DCN Plowes
100438, Zimbabwe, 40 Miles From Gadzema, DLB, CD Priest
100439, Zimbabwe, Chipinga, Rupisi, RK Brooke
100440, Zimbabwe, Nuanetsi, Mangonde Dip, Game Dept
100441, Zimbabwe, Nuanetsi, Nuanetsi River, Game Dept
100442, Zimbabwe, Nuanetsi, 2 miles E of Nuanetsi, Game Dept
100443, Zimbabwe, Shabani, Shabe R, on ranches North Devon & Inferno, Game Dept
100444, Zimbabwe, Nuanetsi, 100 miles down, Game Dept
100445, Zimbabwe, Chipinga, Sabi River, Game Dept
100446, Zimbabwe, Chipinga, Rupisi, Game Dept
100447, Zimbabwe, Chipinga, Spongai R, Game Dept
100448, Zimbabwe, Nuanetsi River, Nuanetsi, DCN Plowes
100449, Zimbabwe, SABI River, Chipangai River, DCN Plowes
100450, Zimbabwe, Doddieburn, Tzibizine Dam, Gwanda distr, P Johnstone
100451, Zambia, NR Shore lake Kariba, opposite Binja on SR Shore, N. Rho, GFT Child
100452, Zimbabwe, Chipinga, SABI Valley, Expt Station, KE Cackett
100453, Zimbabwe, Champion ranch, Matobo distr, Nat Mus Bulawayo
100454, Zimbabwe, Chiredzi, Lone star Ranch, KE Cackett
100455, Zimbabwe, Khani Railway Dam, Newton West, Bulawayo, Matabeleland Rhodesia, JW Hargrove
100456, Zimbabwe, Greenham Farm, Que Que, CJ Vernon
100457, Zimbabwe, Erin Farm, Que Que, CJ Vernon
100458, Zimbabwe, Sinamatella, Wankie Nat Park, CJ Vernon
100459, Zimbabwe, Dolilo Vlei, Robins, Wankie Nat Park, CJ Vernon
100460, Zimbabwe, Deka Farm, Wankie, A Johnson
100461, Zimbabwe, 5 miles SW of Nuawetsi ranch Headquarters, Nuanetsi District, CJ Vernon
100462, Zimbabwe, Devuli Ranch Angus Section, Bikita distr, CJ Vernon + H Coetzer
100463, Zimbabwe, Devuli Ranch, Angus section, Bikita distr, CJ Vernon
100464, Zimbabwe, Devuli Ranch, B section, Bikita distr, CJ Vernon + A Gubb
100465, Zimbabwe, Devuli Ranch, A Section, Bikita distr, CJ Vernon
100466, Zimbabwe, Devuli Ranch, A Section, Bikita distr, CJ Vernon
100467, Zimbabwe, Devuli Ranch, A Section, Bikita distr, CJ Vernon
100468, Zimbabwe, Sentinel Ranch, Beit Bridge, HD Jackson
100469, Zambia, Opposite Binga, Lake Kariba, Gwembe prov, GFT Child
100470, Zambia, Lake Bangweulu, MM Gough
100471, Zambia, Ndola, Itawa Swamp, PJ Ashton
100472, Namibia, 1816DB, R Brand
100473, Namibia, Namutoni, Etosha National Park - qv, P Zeilhoper
100474, Namibia, Etosha National Park, betw Leeubron & Sprokieswoud, CF Clinning
100475, Namibia, East (approx 200m) of the Musuarra Waterhole, Etosha National Park, Namutoni Area 2, P Zeilhoper
100476, Namibia, Etosha National Park, Okaukuejo rifke range, P Mostert, CF Clinning, J Cooper
100477, South Africa, Halesowen, Cradock distr, HW James
100478, South Africa, Halesowen, Cradock distr, HW James
100479, South Africa, Halesowen, Cradock distr, HW James
100480, South Africa, Halesowen, Cradock distr, HW James
100481, South Africa, Parys, RJ Greaves
100482, South Africa, Delmas, Taylors Guest Farm, SG Stander
100483, South Africa, Zwartruggens, Wagenhoutskop, SG Stander
100484, South Africa, Doornpoort, Koster distr, SG Stander
100485, South Africa, Satara, 4 miles SW Satara, JC Snelling
100486, South Africa, Satara, KNP, 9 mi N Satara, JC Snelling
100487, South Africa, De Kroon [farm], Tvl, FEO Mors
100488, South Africa, Barberspan Nature Reserve, WR Tarboton
100489, South Africa, on Sandfontein, Settlers dist, nr Warmbaths, WRJ Dean
100490, South Africa, Sandfontein, Settlers dist nr Warmbaths Transvaal, WRJ Dean

All PHOWN news items relating to this species

The headers below refer to Weaver News items featuring PHOWN and this species. Click on a header to see the News item, which includes the full news item. (The number in brackets is the date that the news item appeared on Weaver Watch).


Weaver Wednesday 3 [253] - Range changes [16]: Red-billed Quelea (2017-04-19)
Weaver Wednesday [122] - Discovery [5]: Red-billed Quelea (2014-10-15)
Weaver Wednesday [11]: Red-billed Quelea (2012-08-29)
Red-billed Quelea midday roosts (2011-12-26)