PHOWN (PHOtos of Weaver Nests)

PHOWN (PHOtos of Weaver Nests) is a citizen science monitoring project aimed at determining the distribution of colonies or nests of all weaver species globally, and studying the variation in their colony sizes. Counting weaver nests and taking photos allows tracking of changes in weaver breeding effort. This project provides an easy way of monitoring common weavers, while helping the conservation of threatened weavers. Download PHOWN flyer here. To take part, read here.

Some uses and analyses of PHOWN data:

Current statistics

Photo of the

Vm 9522
 No. of nestsRecordsSpeciesCountriesParticipants
Total possiblelots!lots!117c 606.9 billion
PHOWN records 123493


71 34 276
Non-photo records 7792510


21 7 14
Total records 7916003


74 34 280

Total stats possible: There are 117 living species of weavers (species list). There are about 60 countries in Africa, Asia and the Indian Ocean where weavers occur naturally. The current world population is about 6.9 billion humans. The number of records that can be submitted is unlimited (not really, but rather many!).

Newest species: Mauritius Fody
Newest country: Mauritius
Newest participant: Spiby Jacky

Annual totals (includes non-photo records):
2010 - 437, 2011 - 1346, 2012 - 3433, 2013 - 3022
Record month: Dec 2012 - 838 PHOWN records

2014 records (includes non photo records):
Jan: 608              
Feb: 377              
Mar: 473              
Apr: 183

Coverage map for all species
Species summary and google map
List VM records per observer
General query
More summaries

PHOWN priorities

Gallery - most recent records

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News items relating to this project

Latest news item:

Weaver Wednesday [96]: Gola Malimbe

2014-04-16 (505)

gravit8 Weaver Wednesday

The Gola Malimbe Malimbus ballmanni is a restricted range species that was described as recently as 1974. The Gola Malimbe (photo right: photographer Nik Borrow) is the only ploceid in the Upper Guinea high forest that has a yellow breast, black belly and yellow undertail-coverts. The nape is yellow in the male and black in the female. The immatures is greyer, with some yellow on the head, and a pale bill.

Three Gola Malimbe populations are known: in eastern Sierra Leone (Gola Forest) and adjacent western Liberia; in eastern Liberia and adjacent western Ivory Coast, and recently found population in south-eastern Guinea (see map below, based on Birds of Africa). No races are recognised, but the Gola Malimbe has also erroneously been described as M. golensis.

The Gola Malimbe inhabits the middle storey of primary lowland rain-forest. It is also found in logged high forest and in mature secondary forest. The species is solitary, or found in small groups, and usually occurs in mixed-species foraging flocks through the year.

Gola Malimbe map

The Gola Malimbe feeds on insects up to 3 cm long, including grasshoppers and mantids. It forages actively, by gleaning green leaves and horizontal twigs for insects. It also investigates vertical twigs and liana-covered branches. The Gola Malimbe rarely probes in dry, rolled leaves. Foraging is usually between 8 and 22m above the forest floor.

The Gola Malimbe is probably monogamous. It is a solitary nester, and nest-builds is co-operative. The male sings and displays by facing the female, with the yellow breast and undertail-covert feathers lifted. The nest resembles an inverted sock having a globular chamber and tubular entrance (about 25 cm) pointing down. The nest is suspended from the tip of vertically hanging lianas. The nest is sited between 8 and 21 m above the ground. Several Gola Malimbes from a mixed-species foraging flock will visit a nest site several times a day at irregular intervals; some will weave whilst others fly to and fro with building material and wait for a turn to build. Up to five individuals work on a nest simultaneously, with males tending to work on the attachment and outside of the nest, and females working mainly on the inside and on the entrance spout.

There are no PHOWN records for the Gola Malimbe (see PHOWN summary), and many are needed. Submit any weaver nest records to PHOWN (PHOtos of Weaver Nests) via the Virtual Museum upload site.

PHOWN summary           Previous Wedn: Juba Weaver           Full weaver species list

All news items relating to this project

The headers below refer to Weaver News items featuring PHOWN. Click on a header to see the News item, which includes the full news item. (The number in brackets is the date that the news item appeared on Weaver Watch).

Weaver Wednesday [96]: Gola Malimbe (2014-04-16)
Snakes and weaver nests (2014-04-11)
Weaver Wednesday [95]: Juba Weaver (2014-04-09)
Weaver Wednesday [94]: Fire-fronted Bishop (2014-04-02)
Weaver Wednesday [93]: Preuss's Weaver (2014-03-26)
Madagascar Fodies in the Seychelles (2014-03-21)
Weaver Wednesday [92]: Red-headed Malimbe (2014-03-19)
Chestnut Weaver at Upington (2014-03-18)
Weaver Wednesday [91]: Yellow-capped Weaver (2014-03-12)
Weaver Wednesday [90]: Golden-backed Bishop (2014-03-05)
Weaver Wednesday [89]: Weyns's Weaver (2014-02-26)
Weaver Wednesday [88]: Bates's Weaver (2014-02-19)
Weaver Wednesday [87]: Rodrigues Fody (2014-02-12)
Weaver Wednesday [86]: Giant Weaver (2014-02-04)
Distribution maps for all weavers (2014-01-31)
Weaver Wednesday [85]: Fan-tailed Widowbird (2014-01-29)
Weaver Wednesday [84]: Black-throated Weaver (2014-01-22)
Weaver Wednesday [83]: Bar-winged Weaver (2014-01-15)
Weaver Wednesday [82]: Long-tailed Widowbird (2014-01-08)
Weaver Wednesday [81]: Bannerman's Weaver (2014-01-01)
PHOWN 2013 (2013-12-27)
Weaver Wednesday [80]: Bertram's Weaver (2013-12-25)
Social spiders and sparrow-weavers (2013-12-20)
Weaver Wednesday [79]: Northern Red Bishop (2013-12-17)
Indian Mynas and weavers (2013-12-13)
Weaver Wednesday [78]: Brown-capped Weaver (2013-12-11)
Weaver Wednesday [77]: Finn's Weaver (2013-12-04)
Weaver Wednesday [76]: Cardinal Quelea (2013-11-27)
Southern Masked Weaver - near daily 'blog' (2013-11-22)
Weaver Wednesday [75]: Golden-naped Weaver (2013-11-20)
Breeding seasons of weavers (2013-11-15)
Weaver Wednesday [74]: Northern Brown-throated Weaver (2013-11-13)
Ecology of weaver nests (2013-11-09)
Weaver Wednesday [73]: Yellow Bishop (2013-11-06)
Weaver Wednesday [72]: Tanganyika Masked Weaver (2013-10-30)
Weavers and wasps (2013-10-25)
Weaver Wednesday [71]: Northern Masked Weaver (2013-10-23)
First PHOWN records from Cameroon (2013-10-22)
Turnover of weaver species (2013-10-18)
PHOWNing in Hoedspruit (2013-10-17)
Weaver Wednesday [70]: Madagascar Fody (Red Fody) (2013-10-15)
Tim Neary interviews Dieter about weavers (2013-10-13)
Weaver Wednesday [69]: Heuglin's Masked Weaver (2013-10-09)
Top PHOWNers! (2013-10-08)
Weaver nest sites (2013-10-05)
Weaver Wednesday [68]: Bocage's Weaver (2013-10-02)
Weaver Wednesday [67]: Chestnut-mantled Sparrow-Weaver (2013-09-25)
Weaver Wednesday [66]: Sao Tome Weaver (2013-09-18)
Weaver Wednesday [65]: Black-necked Weaver (2013-09-11)
Weavers and waterbirds (2013-09-08)
Weaver Wednesday [64]: Mauritius Fody (2013-09-04)
Decline of Baya Weavers in Bangladesh (2013-08-30)
Weaver Wednesday [63]: Village Weaver (2013-08-28)
First PHOWN records from Bangladesh (2013-08-25)
Weaver Wednesday [62]: Clarke's Weaver (2013-08-21)
Kgalagadi Sociable Weaver survey (2013-08-16)
Weaver Wednesday [61]: Black Bishop (2013-08-14)
Weaver Wednesday [60]: Black-billed Weaver (2013-08-07)
Weaver Wednesday [59]: Cinnamon Weaver (2013-07-31)
PAPER: Birds using weaver nests (2013-07-29)
PHOWN surveys (2013-07-26)
Weaver Wednesday [58]: Black-winged Bishop (2013-07-24)
PAPER: Predation by Vervet Monkey (2013-07-22)
PHOWNing on elephant back (2013-07-19)
Weaver Wednesday [57]: Loanga Weaver (2013-07-17)
PHOWN caterpillar from Villiers to Harrismith (2013-07-12)
Weaver Wednesday [56]: Principe Golden Weaver (2013-07-10)
Virtual Museum records (2013-07-05)
Weaver Wednesday [55]: Jackson's Widowbird (2013-07-03)
Ruvu Weaver - new species? (2013-06-28)
Weaver Wednesday [54]: Yellow-mantled Weaver (2013-06-26)
Weaver species ranked by mean colony size (2013-06-21)
Weaver Wednesday [53]: Olive-headed Weaver (2013-06-19)
Weaver Wednesday [52]: Red-crowned Malimbe (2013-06-12)
Weaver Wednesday [51]: Orange Weaver (2013-06-05)
History of a Red-headed Weaver pair (2013-06-02)
Weaver Wednesday [50]: Little Weaver (2013-05-29)
Weaver Wednesday [49]: Red-headed Quelea (2013-02-22)
Weaver Wednesday [48]: Vitelline Masked Weaver (2013-05-15)
Buffalo Weavers and Baobabs (2013-05-10)
Weaver Wednesday [47]: Golden-backed Weaver (2013-05-08)
Weaver Wednesday [46]: Red-vented Malimbe (2013-05-01)
Weaver Wednesday [45]: Golden Palm Weaver (2013-04-24)
First PHOWN record for Red-vented Malimbe (2013-04-19)
Weaver Wednesday [44]: Speke's Weaver (2013-04-17)
Weaver Wednesday [43]: Speckle-fronted Weaver (2013-04-10)
Weaver Wednesday [42]: Black-chinned Weaver (2013-04-03)
PAPER: Nests of the Black-chinned Weaver described (2013-04-01)
Weaver Wednesday [41]: Slender-billed Weaver (2013-03-27)
Weaver Wednesday [40]: Southern Red Bishop (2013-03-20)
Weaver Wednesday [39]: Asian Golden Weaver (2013-03-13)
Weaver Wednesday [38]: Southern Brown-throated Weaver (2013-03-06)
Weaver Wednesday [37]: Donaldson-Smith's Sparrow-Weaver (2013-02-27)
Weaver Wednesday [36]: Taveta Golden Weaver (2013-02-20)
Annual Report for the ADU 2012 (2013-02-14)
Weaver Wednesday [35]: Dark-backed Weaver (2013-02-13)
Cape Weaver colony in Plettenburg Bay (2013-02-12)
Weaver Wednesday [34]: Zanzibar Bishop (2013-02-06)
Weaver Wednesday [33]: Holub's Golden Weaver (2013-01-30)
"Weavers for Africa" Conference, 26 Jan 2013 (2013-01-27)
New weaver items added this week (2013-01-24)
Weaver Wednesday [32]: Cape Weaver (2013-01-23)
Weaver Wednesday [31]: Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver (2013-01-16)
Weaver Wednesday [30]: Sakalava Weaver (2013-01-09)
Weaver Wednesday [29]: Strange Weaver (2013-01-02)
Village Weaver survey (2013-01-01)
Weaver Wednesday [28]: White-billed Buffalo-Weaver (2012-12-26)
Weaver Wednesday [27]: Vieillot's Black Weaver (2012-12-19)
"Weavers for Africa" Conference, 26 Jan 2013 (2012-12-13)
Weaver Wednesday [26]: Chestnut Weaver (2012-12-12)
Southern Masked Weaver survey in Pretoria (2012-12-07)
You can throw rocks at bulldozers, or you can become a citizen scientist (2012-12-06)
Weaver Wednesday [25]: Grey-headed Social Weaver (2012-12-05)
PAPER: Southern Masked Weaver colony notes (2012-12-03)
Weaver Wednesday [24]: Spectacled Weaver (2012-11-28)
Weaver Wednesday [23]: Eastern Golden Weaver (2012-11-21)
Weaver Wednesday [22]: White-winged Widowbird (2012-11-14)
First PHOWN record for Vitelline Masked Weaver (2012-11-11)
First PHOWN record for Speckle-fronted Weaver (2012-11-10)
First PHOWN records from Gambia (2012-11-08)
Weaver Wednesday [21]: Nelicourvi Weaver (2012-11-07)
First PHOWN record for Red-crowned Malimbe (2012-11-03)
Record month for PHOWN (2012-11-02)
Weaver Wednesday [20]: Lesser Masked Weaver (2012-10-31)
Weaver Wednesday [19]: Red-collared Widowbird (2012-10-24)
PAPER: Sociable Weavers and paper wasps (2012-10-22)
Weaver Wednesday [18]: Kilombero Weaver (2012-10-17)
Weaver events at the PAOC (2012-10-12)
Weaver Wednesday [17]: Rüppell's Weaver (2012-10-10)
First PHOWN record for Orange Weaver (2012-10-05)
Weaver Wednesday [16]: Sociable Weaver (2012-10-03)
First PHOWN records from Lesotho (2012-09-29)
First PHOWN record for Cinnamon Weaver (2012-09-27)
Weaver Wednesday [15]: Rufous-tailed Weaver (2012-09-26)
Palm trees and weavers (2012-09-25)
Weaver Wednesday [14]: Bob-tailed Weaver (2012-09-19)
Weaver Wednesday [13]: White-headed Buffalo-Weaver (2012-09-12)
Weaver Wednesday [12]: Blue-billed Malimbe (2012-09-05)
Weavers on the web: useful resources (2012-08-30)
Weaver Wednesday [11]: Red-billed Quelea (2012-08-29)
Weaver Wednesday [10]: Southern Masked Weaver (2012-08-22)
Severe storm - to survive or not (2012-08-18)
PHOWN repeats of Namibian Masked Weaver colony (2012-08-16)
Weaver Wednesday [9]: Compact Weaver (2012-08-15)
Birdpix, the latest Virtual Museum project (2012-08-10)
Weaver Wednesday [8]: Thick-billed Weaver (2012-08-08)
First PHOWN record for Donaldson-Smith's Sparrow-Weaver (2012-08-06)
Intaka photographers (2012-08-03)
Weaver Wednesday [7]: Scaly-feathered Finch (2012-08-01)
Weaver Wednesday [6]: Black-capped Social Weaver (2012-07-25)
Blog: Cape Weavers in Plett (2012-07-24)
Weaver Wednesday [5]: Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver (2012-07-18)
PAPER: Weaver nests as death traps (2012-07-16)
Eggs of Angolan weavers (2012-07-15)
Weaver Wednesday [4]: Seychelles Fody (2012-07-11)
PAPER: Nelicourvi Weaver breeding study (2012-07-09)
Weekly weaver series (2012-07-08)
Weaver Wednesday [3]: Yellow-crowned Bishop (2012-07-04)
Sociable Weaver range expansion (2012-07-03)
First PHOWN record from Sudan (2012-07-02)
Early nesting in weavers (2012-06-29)
Weaver Wednesday [2]: White-browed Sparrow-Weaver (2012-06-27)
First PHOWN record for Black-billed Weaver (2012-06-21)
Weaver Wednesday [1]: Red-headed Weaver (2012-06-20)
First PHOWN records from Nigeria (2012-06-19)
PAPER: Sex of Taveta Golden Weaver chicks (2012-06-18)
First PHOWN record for Red-collared Widow (2012-06-15)
First PHOWN record for Golden-backed Weaver (2012-06-11)
PHOWN workshops in Kenya, 27 May - 4 June 2012 (2012-06-05)
Largest flock of ringed juvenile Chestnut Weavers (2012-05-23)
White-browed Sparrow-Weaver and climate change (2012-05-21)
First PHOWN record for Bocage's Weaver (2012-05-16)
PHOWN workshops in Kenya (2012-05-15)
First PHOWN record for Rufous-tailed Weaver (2012-05-13)
First PHOWN record from Sierra Leone (2012-05-10)
Sociable Weaver associations (2012-05-08)
Off-setting your carbon footprint (2012-04-25)
PAPER: Red-headed Weaver colony revisited. (2012-04-24)
PiX magazine: "... offset your carbon footprint – let your pics count for conservation" (2012-04-19)
Sociable Weaver survey in Namibia (2012-04-18)
Sociable Weaver survey at Tswalu Kalahari (2012-04-13)
Bird ringing course, Zambia, 29 March - 6 April 2012 (2012-04-11)
First White-browed Sparrow-Weaver PHOWN records from Zambia (2012-04-07)
First PHOWN records of Loanga Weaver (2012-03-23)
Weavers from Plett to PE (2012-03-17)
PHOWN records for Kenya (2012-03-05)
Tracking PHOWN priorities (2012-02-28)
Ringing and PHOWNing in Hopefield (2012-02-26)
48th PHOWN species & first Kilombero Weaver PHOWN record (2012-02-23)
PHOWN in Tanzania (2012-02-21)
Launch of WRAP (Weaver Research in Africa Project) (2012-02-17)
Weaver ringing trip, Zululand, 6-12 February 2012 (2012-02-13)
First Tanganyika Masked Weaver PHOWN record (2012-02-06)
Sociable Weaver demography project (2012-02-01)
Launch of WRAP (Weaver Research in Africa Project) (2012-01-30)
First PHOWN record from Swaziland (2012-01-27)
Story of a Spectacled Weaver nest (2012-01-23)
Lesser Masked Weaver range in KwaZulu-Natal (2012-01-18)
Weaver demography on the Cape Peninsula (2012-01-16)
Save the date: 11 Feb 2012, ADU 20th anniversary, Pietermaritzburg (2012-01-13)
Red-billed Quelea midday roosts (2011-12-26)
Cape Weaver chick retrapped 2 years later (2011-12-12)
PHOWN along national roads on your holiday trip (2011-12-07)
Weaver research trip, Tswalu, 14-17 November 2011 (2011-11-21)
First PHOWN record for Golden Palm-Weaver Ploceus bojeri (2011-11-18)
PAPER: Breeding biology of the Loango Weaver (2011-11-11)
PHOWN priorities (2011-11-10)
ADU Digital Biodiversity Week - summer results (2011-11-07)
PHOWN in National Botanical Gardens (2011-10-31)
ADU Digital Biodiversity Week - summer (2011-10-27)
Taveta Golden Weaver (2011-10-17)
Arid Zone Ecology Forum, Nieuwoudtville (2011-10-10)
Ugandan PHOWN records (2011-09-15)
Black-headed (Yellow-backed) Weaver in Cape Town (2011-09-12)
PHOWN Photo of the week (2011-09-05)
PAPER: Largest Red-headed Weaver colony (2011-08-31)
The PHOWN network is expanding (2011-08-30)
Video PHOWN (2011-08-24)
The next PHOWN call: repeats! (2011-08-12)
PHOWN at 1000 (2011-08-05)
PHOWN firsts from Ghana (2011-08-02)
ADU Digital Biodiversity Week - PHOWN results (2011-08-01)
ADU Digital Biodiversity Week (2011-07-22)
Early nesting in weavers (2011-07-18)
Weaver breeding information (2011-07-04)
Weaver chick now 1 year 10 months 12 days old (2011-06-27)
Weaver birds may hold secret of ageing (2011-05-30)
The least known breeding factor in weavers (2011-05-09)
Most southerly Sociable Weaver colony (2011-05-03)
Ethiopia dials in to PHOWN (2011-04-12)
Sparrow-weavers at Barberspan (2011-03-03)
Exciting PHOWN records (2011-03-01)
Chestnut Weaver breeding records (2011-02-07)
PAPER: Sociable Weaver helpers (2011-02-01)
Second PHOWN newsletter (2011-01-31)
Weaver records on the Vaal Dam (2011-01-28)
Robben Island survey of weaver colonies (2010-10-29)
The 10/10/10 challenge: 357 weaver nests counted (2010-10-13)
Volunteer opportunity (2010-10-08)
The 10/10/10 challenge: action for climate change (2010-10-08)
PHOWN at the Stanford Bird Fair (2010-10-02)
A century of PHOWN records (2010-09-24)
Google Maps takes part in PHOWN ! (2010-08-25)
How large are weaver colonies? (2010-08-19)
PHOWN - the furthest north colony (2010-08-05)
Phone in to take part in PHOWN ! (2010-07-29)

All Weaver Watch news items