Weaver species

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Forest Fody Foudia omissa

IUCN: Least concern     Discovery: 106

Categories: island, Foudia, nectar,
News items about species

Discovery

Forest Fody
Forest Fody, male
figure from Delacour (1932)
Forest Fody
Forest Fody, female (top) and male,
figure from Lavauden (1937)
Forest Fody map
Forest Fody
distribution, type locality circled

Introduction

The Forest Fody was formally described by Walter Rothschild, a British banker, politician, and zoologist.

The collector of the Forest Fody is unknown.

Rothschild employed other people to collect birds and animals for him in remote and little-known parts of the world. This would have included the Forest Fody, which was collected in Madagascar on 21 Aug 1891 (date presumably based on a label). However, the name of the collector was not recorded. Two more males from 1891 were also included as types.

Rothschild also hired professional scientists to work with him to write up his resulting collections, e.g. Ernst Hartert for birds, from 1892 until his retirement at the age of 70 in 1930. But Rothschild wrote up the species description for the Forest Fody himself in 1912, several years after it had been collected. Presumably the specimen had been thought to be a moulting Madagascar Fody at first, as Rothschild named it "omissa", i.e. overlooked.

At one point Rothschild's collection included 300000 bird skins, 200000 birds' eggs, as well as thousands of specimens of mammals, reptiles, fishes, butterflies, and beetles. They formed the largest zoological collection ever amassed by a private individual. Rothschild opened his private museum in 1892. It housed one of the largest natural history collections in the world, and was open to the public. In 1932 he was forced to sell the vast majority of his bird collection to the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) after being blackmailed by a former mistress.

Adolphe Boucard collected extensively in Mexico and Central America, concentrating on collecting hummingbirds. He sold scientific bird skins to Natural History museums and supplied the plume trade. In 1891 he moved to London and set up a taxidermist company Boucard, Pottier & Co. He facilitated the sale of 3 Forest Fody specimens from Rothschild to the AMNH.

The Forest Fody was first illustrated by Delacour (1932), showing a male, after visiting Madagascar. The next illustration to be published was by Lavauden (1937), showing both male and female.

Scientific citation

Foudia omissa Rothschild 1912a, Bull. Brit. Orn. Cl. 31 p.26, Tamatave, Madagascar.

Meaning of names

omissa, Latin: omissus, negligent, remiss (i.e. previously overlooked) (omittere, to let go).

First English name

Rothschild's Fody (Sclater 1930a).

Alternate names

Rothschild's Fody.

Collector

Unknown.

Date collected

21 Aug 1891 (holotype).

Locality collected

Tamatave, Madagascar.

Type specimens

Three types are in the American Museum of Natural History.

The above is based on Weaver Wednesday 2, a weekly series about the discovery of each weaver species.
This species text first appeared as Weaver Wednesday [223] - Discovery [106]: Forest Fody on 2016-09-21

1. Basic biology

Forest Fody
Forest Fody adult male, figure from Wikipedia
Forest Fody
Forest Fody adult male, figure from Delacour 1932
Identification. The Forest Fody male has a red head and breast with a white belly. The female is dull coloured, and non-breeding males resemble females. Moulting or immature male Madagascar Fodies may be confused with this species, but the Forest Fody has a heavier bill being deeper and longer than that of the Madagascar Fody.

Distribution. The Forest Fody occurs in forest in eastern Madagascar (see map below, based on Birds of the Malagasy region). There are no subspecies. Forest Fody map

The Madagascar Fody is found outside forest, and the Forest Fody occurs in forest, but both species overlap on forest edges (due to forest fragmentation) and hybridisation has been recorded.

Habitat. The Forest Fody inhabits intact evergreen forest, from sea-level to 2000 m.

Food. The Forest Fody feeds on seeds, insects and small amounts of nectar. It forages in small flocks of up to 15 individuals, and may join mixed-species flocks.

Breeding. The Forest Fody is apparently monogamous. Nesting is similar to that of the Madagascar Fody. The nest is globular with a side entrance. The eggs are pale blue, and the clutch is 2-3 eggs.

There have been no breeding studies for this species.

The above is based on Weaver Wednesday, a weekly series about weaver species.
This species text first appeared as Weaver Wednesday [110]: Forest Fody on 2014-07-23

2. Breeding facts

Pair bond
Apparently monogamous
Breeding season
in breeding condition in Jan
Nest site
No information
Nest building
No information
Colony size
No information
Clutch size
No information
Egg colour
No information
Egg size
No information
Incubation
No information
Chicks and nestling period
No information

Breeding information based on Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15.

3. Photos of Weaver Nests

No records yet - be the first to submit a PHOWN record!
See PHOWN summary page for this species here.

PHOWN (Photos of Weaver Nests) provides valuable info on breeding distribution and colony sizes of weavers.
You can contribute by registering and submitting photos at Virtual Museum webpage.

4. Breeding distribution

Google map showing distribution (For species with small ranges you need to zoom in at the correct area to see the range):
yellow blob - range of weaver species; read more about this here.
- PHOWN records with photos
- PHOWN records with no photos (Nest Record Cards, other records)
- Birdpix records
- comments on out of range records, or interesting records
- type locality
CLICK on the marker on the map to see individual record details.

5. Range changes

Still coming

The above is based on Weaver Wednesday 3, a weekly series about range changes in South African weaver species.
This species text first appeared as Still coming