Weaver Wednesday  - Discovery : Mountain Marsh Widowbird2016-08-10 (736)
Weaver Wednesday (species text)
Mountain Marsh Widowbird Euplectes psammocromius
IntroductionThe Mountain Marsh Widowbird was formally described by Anton Reichenow, a German ornithologist and herpetologist.
The Mountain Marsh Widowbird was collected by Friedrich Fulleborn, a Prussian physician.
Fulleborn studied medicine and natural sciences in Berlin. From 1896 onward, he was a military physician assigned to the Schutztruppe in German East Africa (Tanzania). In 1898-1900 he participated in the Nyassa- and Kingagebirgs Expedition to southern Tanzania, where he conducted anthropological and ethnographic research. He also collected bird specimens, which he sent to Berlin. In 1899 he collected birds in the region north of Lake Malawi (but in Tanzania), a region not explored ornithologically until then. Fulleborn found the type of the Mountain Marsh Widowbird at Tandala in Ukinga, Tanzania.
The first illustration of the Mountain Marsh Widowbird was of an adult male, published by Reichenow (1902). The next illustrations were published much later, from the 1980s onwards.
Scientific citationPenthetria psammocromia Reichenow 1900b, Orn. Monatsb. 8 p.39, Tandala in Ukinga, Tukuyu district, south-western Tanganyika.
Meaning of namespsammocromius, Greek: Psammos, sand; khroma, complexion or colour; reference to its yellow shoulder patch.
First English nameFulleborn's Marsh Whydah (Shelley 1905b).
Alternate namesBuff-shouldered Widowbird, Montane Marsh Widowbird, Montane Widowbird, Mountain Marsh Whydah, Nyasa Marsh-Whydah.
Date collected2 May 1899.
Locality collectedTandala in Ukinga, Tanzania.
Type specimensThe type is in the Berlin Museum (ZMB_2000.8146).