Weaver Wednesday  - Discovery : Black-capped Social Weaver2016-03-16 (706)
Weaver Wednesday (species text)
Black-capped Social Weaver Pseudonigrita cabanisi
IntroductionThe Black-capped Social Weaver was formally described jointly by Gustav A Fischer and Anton Reichenow, the latter being a German ornithologist and herpetologist.
The Black-capped Social Weaver was collected by Gustav A Fischer, a German African explorer. He collected a large number of birds, including new species, in East Africa.
Fischer settled as a physician in Zanzibar in 1876, from where he undertook expeditions to Tanzania and Kenya. His third trip started in late 1882 at Pangani on the Tanzanian coast and he followed the Pangani River upstream. When he reached the Pare Mountains in March 1883, he collected the type specimen of the Black-capped Social Weaver. He continued to Kilimanjaro and appears to have collected another specimen in the same area on his return. Fischer saw the Black-capped Social Weaver in small groups in acacia bushes and he also found small colonies of nests.
The first illustration of the Black-capped Social Weaver was of the type, published by Shelley (1888). The second illustration for the species was a line drawing many decades later, in Mackworth (1955).
Scientific citationNigrita cabanisi Fischer & Reichenow 1884, Journ. f. Orn., 32, p.54, Plains by Pare Mts.
Meaning of namescabanisi, After Jean Louis Cabanis (1816-1906) German ornithologist and author.
First English nameCabanis's Social-Waxbill (Shelley 1905).
Alternate namesBlack-headed Sociable Weaver.
CollectorGustav A Fischer.
Date collectedMarch and July 1883.
Locality collectedThe plains between the Pangani River and Pare Mountains.
Type specimensThere are at least 2 types, one each in Berlin and Hamburg.