Weaver Wednesday  - Discovery : Fire-fronted Bishop2016-02-03 (696)
Weaver Wednesday (species text)
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus
IntroductionThe Fire-fronted Bishop was formally described by Anton Reichenow, a German ornithologist and herpetologist. He was curator of the Humboldt Museum in Berlin and described many birds, as well as some frogs and lizards. The Fire-fronted Bishop was collected by Gustav A Fischer, a German African explorer. In 1876 he accompanied Clemens Denhardt's expedition to Zanzibar, where he settled as a physician. Fischer collected some birds in Zanzibar and then undertook a trip along the Kenyan coast where he collected a male Fire-fronted Bishop.
The first illustration of the Fire-fronted Bishop was published in Fischer (1879). The second illustration was published much later, by Delacour (1933), also of a male. The first female was illustrated in Mackworth (1955).
Scientific citationEuplectes diadematus Fischer & Reichenow 1878 Orn. Centralbl., 3, p.88 Malindi, Kenya.
Meaning of namesdiadematus, Latin: diadematus, diademed, adorned with a diadem.
First English nameFire-fronted Bishop-bird (Shelley 1905).
CollectorGustav A Fischer.
Date collected4 Sep 1877.
Locality collectedMalindi, Kenya.
Type specimensA type specimen is in the Berlin Museum (ZMB_23367) and there are some other syntypes.