Weaver Wednesday  - Discovery : Streaked Weaver2015-04-08 (630)
Weaver Wednesday (species text)
Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
IntroductionThe Streaked Weaver was formally described by Thomas Horsfield, an American physician and naturalist. Horsfield lived and worked on Java Island in Indonesia from 1811-17. Horsfield began to collect plants and animals on behalf of the governor and friend Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. In 1816 Java was restored to the Dutch and Horsfield moved east to Sumatra.
In 1819 Horsfield left Sumatra due to ill health and returned to London. On returning to London, Horsfield continued to be in contact with Sir Stamford Raffles and became a keeper of the museum of the East India Company. He stayed in this position, later as a curator, until his death in 1859. Ultimately the Museum was overwhelmed with collections, and much of the material had to be distributed to other museums, scientific societies. One specimen of the Streaked Weaver is still in the British museum at Tring, but there are probably 3 more type specimens.
The first illustration of a Streaked Weaver is a line drawing of the head and bill in Swainson 1838. The next illustration is a set of birds painted in colour by Reichenbach (1863).
Scientific citationFringilla manyar Horsfield 1821 Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, p.160 Java.
Meaning of namesmanyar Tamil (Sri Lankan) name manja for various weaverbirds.
First English nameBrahminee Baya (Jerdon 1845). In 1840, Jerdon had applied this name to the Bengal Weaver, but then realised that it should apply to this species.
Alternate namesBrahminee Baya, Burmese Streaked Weaver Bird, Indian Streaked Weaver Bird, Javan Weaver, Manyar Weaver, Striated Weaver.
Date collectedBetween 1811-17 when Horsfield was collecting on Java.
Type specimensAt least one syntype is in the British Museum (BM 18188.8.131.5230).