Weaver Wednesday  - Discovery : Speckle-fronted Weaver2015-02-04 (619)
Weaver Wednesday (species text)
Speckle-fronted Weaver Sporopipes frontalis
IntroductionThe Speckle-fronted Weaver was formally described by Francois Marie Daudin, a young French zoologist. Daudin wrote Traite elementaire et complet d'Ornithologie (Complete and Elementary Treatise of Ornithology) in 1799-1800, being one of the first modern handbooks of ornithology. Daudin combined Linnean binomial names and good descriptions of the birds. He did not complete his book, as he died before the age of 30.
Daudin described the species, based on two individuals in private aviaries in Paris. He noted the origin of the birds as Senegal.
The first illustration was provided by Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot, a French ornithologist. Vieillot was interested in living birds, and wrote about the difficulties of keeping Speckle-fronted Weavers in captivity, in addition to a description of the birds.
Scientific citationLoxia frontalis Daudin 1800 Traite' d'Orn. 2, p.445 Senegal.
Meaning of namesfrontalis (Modern Latin): fronted, browed (L. frons, frontis, the brow, the forehead).
Alternate namesSpeckled Weaver, Scaly-fronted Weaver, Red-fronted Finch.
Date collectedBefore 1800.
Type specimensType specimen not traced (it may be in the Paris museum); the illustration of Vieillot 1805 serves as a type.