Weaver Wednesday  - Discovery : Black-winged Bishop2014-09-17 (570)
Weaver Wednesday - species discovery (species text)
Black-winged Bishop Euplectes hordeaceus
IntroductionLinnaeus thought this species came from India, or the [East] Indies ("in Indiis"), a common mistake in his day, as the ship bringing this specimen probably came from the far East but stopped at African ports along the way, where African specimens could have been added to the cargo. Gyldenstolpe (1924) first noticed the error, and restricted the type locality to Senegal as the type specimen matched other specimens from Senegal.
Linnaeus noted the source of the type specimen as "mus ad fr", ie. the Museum Adolphi Friderici, a collection maintained by the King of Sweden, Adolf Fredrik.
Swainson (1837) obtained described a specimen from Senegal as a new species (Crimson-crowned Weaver Euplectes flammiceps), but this was later discovered to be the same species as the Black-winged Bishop. Nevertheless, his painting is the first published illustration of this species, many decades after Linnaeus first described it.
Scientific citationLoxia hordeacea Linnaeus 1758a Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p173 'in Indiis', errore = Senegal, vide Gyldenstolpe 1924.
Meaning of nameshordeaceus (Latin) - of barley; referring to its diet.
Alternate namesFire-crowned Bishop
CollectorUnknown, but kept in the Museum Adolphi Friderici.
Date collectedBefore 1754, since Linnaeus studied the collection from 1751-1754.
Locality collectedUnknown, type locality restricted to Senegal.
Type specimensThe type is in the Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska riksmuseet) in Stockholm. Modern photos of the type are at here.